Bishnupriya Manipuri was originally confined only to the surroundings of the Lake Loktak in Manipur.
The principal localities where this language was spoken are now known as Khangabok, Heirok, Mayang Yamphal, Bishnupur, khunan, Ningthankhong, Ngakhong,Thamnapoxpi and so on. However, later a great majority of speakers fled away from Manipur and took refuge in Assam,Tripura, Sylhet and Cachar during eighteen and nineteenth century due to internal conflicts among the prices of Manipur and due to Burmese attack.
Consequently, it was difficult for the small number of Bishnupriyas who remained in Manipur to retain their language in face of the impact of Meitei, although Dr. G.A. Grierson, in 1891 found the existence of a considerable number of speakers in two or three villages near Bishnupur, locally known as Lamangdong.( LSI, Vol -V, Page 419). This Language is now spoken in parts of Assam, Tripura, Manipur( Jiribam Sub-division) in India ,in Bangladesh, in Burma and other overseas countries.
Among the countries outside India, Bangladesh has the major Bishnupriya Manipuri population. The localities are Slipur, Madhavpur, Tilakpur (Nagar), Kalaraibil, Bhanubil(Banughas), Guramara, Charapathari, Baghbati, Baligaon, Teteigaon, Mahung, Hiramati, Bendaria, Ghanashyampur, Chunarughat, Baram, Majergaon, Baluchar, Lakhat, Rajbari, Machimpur(Sylhet city), Lamabazar, North Tilakpur or Alipur, Guler Haour, Shimutala, Bamangaon, Gobindabari, Bhandari, Shukkur, Ulla-gaon, Chaygaii, Kalibari, Chaigaon, Fultali, East Tilakpur (Paligo), Digalbhag etc. Besides, there are a considerable number of the Bishnupriyas Manipuris living scatteredly in the local headquarters cities like Kamalganj, Khuwaighat, Rangamati of the CWttagoan Hill Tracts and also at Tezgaon, Manipuri-para of Dacca, the capital city of Banglades.
There are a large number of Bishnupriya Manipuri people settled in Assam ages ago, particularly in the districts of Cachar,Karimganj and Hailakandi. This people are counted as one of the major group of people in Cachar and Karimganj districts.
i) NarsingpurPargona: T’he Bishnupriya Manipuri village of the Narsingpur Pargona includes South Bekirpar(Gudamghat or Panibhora) Rengti, Shantipur, Bhatirgram, Khunou, T’uk Gossaipur, Ratanpur, Katakhal (East), Katakhal (West), Narnita Nagar (South-East Katakhal), Hingor Haour, Kala Haour, Rakhaltdla, Dulalgram and Malugram.
ii)MeherpurPargona: East Singari, West Singari, Bhagatpur, Chandrapur, Rengti, Bhagadahar, Nuwalam, Kalinjar, Mungor Dharam, Pithir Dharam, Chengcoorie and Kabirgang etc.
iii)JatrapurPargona: Srikona, Machughat or Ng@ongang, Dutpatil or Durpatuli, Machiinpur, Aat Dabol, Rajnagar and Bhagorangon.
iv) Silchar city: Silchar, the district head quarter of Cachar, Assam witnessed Bishnupriya Manipuri bases at Bishnupur, Vivekananda Road, Jalupara, Police Lane, Reserve, Itkhola, Malugram,Tikorbasti, Ranghirkhari, Ghunghur and other parts of the city. Duwarbond has its Bishnupriya Manipuri people there.
v) Bikrampur Pargona: Bikrainpur, Lakshmipur Sydpur, Kalain, Baropuwa or Bhubaneshwar Nagar, Bihara: Tengaragang, Burunga, Longhor, Bilorgang, Mohanpur, Sayaran and Dutpur .
In Hailakandi district, the population has a root at Hailakandi town, Sunapur, Khunou, Kshumel collectively known as Japirbond. Katakhal (Railway Jgn.), Nandirgang, Andurgang, a part of Chengcoorie and Chungduwar are included in the Hailakandi district.
Karimganj district of Assam has much more Bishnupriya Manipuri villages than that of Cachar and Hailakandi. The thickly populated laociities of the district are Garerbond, Ardpur, Kukitilla, ali, Fechuakandi, Andhurgang, Amurkhal, Dhalibil, Panchd, Pechala, Tingari, Betubari, Dullabchera , UHasnagar, Khiluwa, Fbon, Aringtilla, B askaltitta, Chamtilla, East Krishnapur, West Krishnapur, Gergoang, Rupa, Fetipat, Butuchera and Bidyanagar at the Dullabcher zone of the district, while Pratapgarh zone of the district has its Bishnupriya Manipuri populated villages of Patherkandi, Rajargang, Kachubari, Unam, Betarbon, Jrala, Katabari, Lakshmi Mamila, Bitorgol, Kanai, Nuwagang, Bazarichara, Hatikhira, Bilbari, Khalibari, SataraLokei, Burunga, Luwarpuwa, Shiborkhol or Shiborgol, Betubari, Kehurgang, Rengti, Katabari, Seipargang, Soura Lokei, Mambari, Pagang, Nalugang, Nalibari, Hingari, Paruwagang, Tinokhal, Kehurgang, Barkaligang, Narayanpur and Kholapar etc. Karimganj town, the district headquarter, had also a small Bishnupriya Manipuris population. Pipala, Rangamati,. Damchera, Uzan, Bali Pipala, Ishabeel and Nurkha falls under Rangamati sub-area.
Guwahti, the State capital of Assam, it has a number of Bishnupriya Manipuri population much more then the Meiteis. They are residing at Maligaon, Sudarshanpur, Tetelia, Hengrabari, Kahilipara, Chailha Nagar, Bamuni Maidan, Beltola, Mmapara, Rehabari, Birbari, Dakshmin Gaon, Kalapahar, Noonmati, Narengi, Basistha, Tarun nagar, Shaktigarh, Rupnagar, Azara, Pandu, Mathuranagar, Motoria, Choymal, Rajgarh road, Christianbasti, Ganeshguri, Jatia, Nayanpur, South Sharamya, West Sharaniya, Katilakuchi, Bakrapara and other places. Halfong town and its adjacent places of N.C.Hills district of Assam has a considerable Bishnupriya Manipuri population there. In Nowgaon district a place named Laupam and in Suntipur district a village called Majbat (Chatribari) has also a small Bishnupriya Manipuri population there.
In Tripura, the Bishnupriya Manipuri population localities may be divided into Dharmanagar sub-area, Kailasahar sub-area, Kamaipur sub-area and West Tripura sub-area. Dharmanagar sub-area consists with Bhagyapur, Ragana, West Ragana, Huruwa, North-East Huruwa, East Huruwa, South Huruwa, Chandrapur, Shanichera, Bhumihin Patty, Rajbari, Kherengjuri, Joynagar, Nadiyapur, Dewchera, Ramnagar, Panisagar, Sundibasa, Narendranagar, Radhekishorepur and Bainunia. Kailasahar sub-area Bishnupriya Manipuri villages are Nidevi, Assainbasti, Radhanagar, Krishnagar (Gandhari tilla), Krishnanagar (imjhargang), Sripur, Kailasahar town, Paitur Bazar (Padmar-Par), Tilakpur, Guldarpur, North Guldarpur, Choudhurypara, Kirtantali, Bidyanagar, Ishabpur, Mashawli (Tilla), Rajnagar, Banorgang, Kanchanbari, West Kanchanbari, -North-East Kanchanbari, Manu, Betchara, East Betchara, Natun. Bazar, Kanchanchara, Nepaltilla(Bazar), Indranagar, Bhumlbin COlOney, Tmghari (Kathalchara), East Kawlftm, West Kawai, Bhati Jalai, Uzan Jalai, Jalai, Bilaspur, Pechardahar, Mohanpur, East Fultaii, West Fultali, Devipur, Dhanbilasb, Jarafltali, Dalgoan and Guldarpur Nayapara–Kamaipur sub-area Bishnupriya Manipuri populated villages are Abhanga, Bar Lutma, Devichara, East Devichara9 Chankap, Bhumihin, Halhali (Hal, Lutma Colony, Jainthum, Tilagaon, Mohanpur, Rupaspur, Guwalmara and Gangwar. West tripura sub-area Bishnupriya Manipuri villages are Khas Kalyanpur, Kuwai, Kalkalia, Aga including Radhanagar, Abhynagar, Dhaleswar, Banainalipur, Barduwali, Kasba Colony, Gopinagar and Rangapaniya.
In Meghalaya, it has also Bishnupriya Manipuri population living scattered in the State. The localities are Forest Colony, Pynthorumkhra, Mulki, Dhanksheti, Vishnupur, Laitumkhra, Umpling, Oakland, PoliceBazarAluGudam, Nongthymau, Assam Rifle, Happy Valley, Tura, Langol, Gorampani, Nongpoh, Dawki, Cherapunjee, Mawsynram, Khleriat, Jowai and Laldrhymbai.
In Myanmar Tbangdut, Mawa Kalewa and Bumnuk etc. are the Bishnupriya Manipuri localities. And in case of the United States of America, Canada, Germany, Middle East and Austria, there are very few Bishnupriya Manipuris recently settled there for earning a living there.