We look at the impression of criminalizing intercourse work, exploiting an occasion wherein native officers unexpectedly criminalized intercourse work in a single district in East Java, Indonesia, however not in neighboring districts. We gather knowledge from feminine intercourse employees and their shoppers earlier than and after the change. We discover that criminalization will increase sexually transmitted infections amongst feminine intercourse employees by 58 p.c, measured by organic checks. That is pushed by decreased condom entry and use. We additionally discover proof that criminalization decreases earnings amongst ladies who left intercourse work resulting from criminalization, and reduces their capability to fulfill their kids’s college bills whereas growing the probability that kids start working to complement family earnings. Whereas criminalization has the potential to enhance inhabitants STI outcomes if the market shrinks completely, we present that 5 years post-criminalization the market has rebounded and the likelihood of STI transmission inside the common inhabitants is more likely to have elevated.
That’s from a brand new NBER working paper by Lisa Cameron, Jennifer Seager, and Manisha Shah.